Air conditioners are installed to provide cool air to the room during the heat of the day. These units keep the room at a comfortable temperature setting, which is why an AC unit not blowing cold air is a dilemma for many homeowners.
While it may be concerning when the air conditioner is blowing warm indoor air instead of cold air, there are multiple reasons that may cause this that are relatively easy fixes. You may not even need to go to an HVAC technician at all! However, we recommend setting an appointment with one of our experienced professionals for problems with the internal parts.
5 Reasons for AC Not Blowing Cold Air
Reason #1 Thermostat Settings
The most basic issue is with the thermostat. Check whether the thermostat is set at a comfortable temperature, and adjust your setting as you see fit. If adjusting the temperature doesn't solve the problem, there may be an issue with your control panel or the connection between your thermostat and the air conditioner.
Reason #2 Dirty Air Filter
Clogged and dust-filled air filters don't allow for good air circulation in and around your air conditioner. Similar to clogged vents, dust can accumulate on the filter, and can lead to a debris buildup that locks the air out of your air conditioning system. The AC unit may freeze, malfunction, or completely stop working to provide cool air.
Reason #3 Refrigerant Leak
An air conditioner would need refrigerant to keep it running smoothly. The cold air blowing from your air conditioner is made possible by refrigerant lines, as they work to cool the room temperature air. Having a leak in the refrigerant lines means that the air conditioner can no longer properly cool the air, which results in warm air coming from the unit instead.
Reason #4 Issues with Condenser Unit
Your air conditioner would most likely have an outdoor condenser unit. You can easily spot it as a large coil that extends from the exterior into the unit, and it should have fin-like appendages that make it easy to spot. You can get a clogged condenser coil that causes your AC unit to malfunction, resulting in warm air.
Reason #5 Issues with Evaporator Coil
Like the condenser unit and the air filter, the evaporator coil may malfunction or build up with debris. When dirt forms around the evaporator coil, the cold air may cause condensate to freeze, resulting in a frozen evaporator coil. This, in turn, results in an air conditioner blowing warm air instead of cold.
Your evaporator coil might also be due for a replacement if broken, which can be done by a professional air conditioner repair company. A broken evaporator coil would result in heat going back into your home instead of being exhausted outside.
5 Tips to Prevent AC Malfunction
Tip #1 Change Thermostat Batteries
Change the batteries in your thermostat, particularly if you have a central air conditioning unit that uses a main control panel. A malfunctioning AC unit is certainly a cause for alarm, but oftentimes, the issue lies with the control panel, particularly with spent batteries.
Tip #2 Clean the Air Filter and Coils
You may already know that you can clean dirty air filters at home with just some soap and water, but you can also do the same for condenser coils in the outdoor unit. Use a brush to scrub the dirt and dust buildup away, then rinse with water. Be sure your air conditioner is unplugged before you do this. Clean these parts once every two weeks for the best care.
Tip #3 Go for AC General Cleaning and Maintenance
Regardless of whether you have a mini-split, window, or central air conditioner, your unit would greatly benefit from a scheduled general cleaning and maintenance check once every six months. Only an experienced HVAC professional should be handling issues with the internal parts of the air conditioner, so schedule a service with our Luce Aircon technicians!
Tip #4 Talk to Professional Technicians for Diagnostics and Repair
Check with an HVAC technician if the problem lies with the evaporator coil, fan motor, or any other internal mechanism of your air conditioner. They would be able to diagnose and repair your unit, especially if you're unsure where the issue lies. Never attempt to fix the problem yourself as it may lead to further damage to the unit, or bodily harm.
Tip #5 Clear Vents from Blockage
Check the vents for any blockage. Use a vacuum cleaner with a brush attachment, or a long stick to clean a clogged filter or vent blockage. Oftentimes, you may find dried leaves, dust, and large pieces of debris in the outdoor unit, so be sure to check the vents outdoors as well. Clear vents will keep your air conditioner running smoothly.
Don't be immediately alarmed when your AC system stops blowing cold air into the room. Unplug the unit, and check for any possible causes and easy fixes first, before deciding to call a technician. However, if the issue cannot be remedied at home, we at Luce Aircon are more than glad to give your unit a thorough checkup!
Check out our article on aircon fan keeps running when off!